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Preparation of Graphene Conductive Inks Utilizing Sodium Dodecyl Surfactant

Graphene conductive inks have emerged as a important aspect of printed electronics. In a paper printed in Supplies At this time: Proceedings, water-based graphene conductive inks have been developed utilizing sodium dodecyl surfactant (SDS). The group analyzed how completely different concentrations of the SDS surfactant affected the traits of graphene dispersion in water.

Research: Impact of sodium dodecyl focus on the properties of graphene conductive inks. Picture Credit score: koya979/

Function of Conductive Inks in Printed Electronics

A thick thermoplastic combination containing conductive nanoparticles is known as conductive ink. It consists of surfactants and solvents which maintain the conductive substance collectively. Normally, the solvent and surfactants are designed to evaporate when the conductive ink is utilized, so solely the conductive parts are left behind. Conductive inks are extensively utilized in printed electronics.

The printed wearable electronics trade has just lately seen exceptional enlargement due to its potential to offer cheap, high-performance merchandise for a number of completely different makes use of.

Throughout the previous few years, a variety of conductive ink compositions has been formulated to create printed electronics with exceptional electrical conductivities and the flexibility to resist important flexing stresses with out compromising efficiency.

Custom-made preparations {of electrical} qualities will be generated on numerous substrates, together with silicon, polymers, paper, and textiles utilizing the conductive printing approach. Inkjet printing has obtained quite a lot of curiosity on this regard, as it may be employed within the manufacturing of printed digital devices.

Benefits of Utilizing Graphene in Conductive Inks

Graphene is an ultra-thin nanomaterial able to wonderful electrical energy and warmth conduction. Graphene can transport conducting expenses on a non-conducting materials. Furthermore, it has the distinctive property of being insoluble.

As graphene ink is a by-product of graphene, it retains all of the nanomaterial’s qualities. Graphene ink, due to this fact, reveals exceptional electrical and thermal conductivity, permitting it to hold expenses and function a defend between heating parts. As a consequence of its chemical inertness, graphene conductive ink doesn’t react with different substances. Subsequently, it might be simply paired with different supplies for numerous makes use of.

Owing to those properties, graphene conducting ink is a well-liked alternative amongst completely different nanotechnology-based conductive inks as a metallic constituent in printed electrical merchandise. Solvents are important in synthesizing graphene conductive inks to ensure correct fluidity for printing.

Preparation of Graphene Conductive Inks

Water is a preferable solvent for making ready graphene conductive inks as a result of it’s cheap, available, non-toxic, and has an sufficient boiling level. It does, nonetheless, have a powerful interfacial stress of 72.8 mJm-2. Moreover, owing to the hydrophobicity of graphitic carbon, dispersing graphene in water is difficult.

Surfactants can decrease interfacial stress and are sometimes utilized in graphene conductive inks to extend the dispersal of graphene. Varied surfactants, ionic in addition to non-ionic, have been launched to graphene suspensions.

Why Use Sodium Dodecyl Surfactant?

The usage of sodium dodecyl surfactant (SDS) is frequent in graphene suspensions to assist in the sufficient dispersal of graphene.

SDS possesses a polar in addition to a non-polar hydrophilic head. There’s an equal load on each the heads, so graphene adsorbs the non-polar head of the sodium dodecyl surfactant whereas water adsorbs the polar head, leading to a steady graphene resolution.

What Did the Researchers Do?

The group explored the affect of various sodium dodecyl surfactant concentrations on the traits of graphene conductive inks. Moreover, they used inkjet printing to deposit the conductive inks onto a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) platform.

The researchers additionally examined the distribution of graphene in SDS-incorporated conductive inks and the hydrophilicity, electrical conduction, and stability of the graphene conductive inks.

Vital Findings of the Research

On this research, the group developed graphene conductive inks by way of the mixture of deionized water with various concentrations of sodium dodecyl surfactant. As compared with all the opposite SDS concentrations, graphene conductive inks made with 0.3 wt% SDS demonstrated higher stability, hydrophilic traits, and electrical conductance.

When the frequency of printing rounds in 0.3 wt% SDS was raised from one to 10, the electrical conductance of the printed conductive traces was improved by about 40 instances.

Using PET as a platform, this analysis could also be used to create a wide range of designs with excessive electrical conductance. The findings of this research level to doable future progress in printed electronics.


Htwe, Y., Abdullah, M., & Mariatti, M. (2022). Impact of sodium dodecyl focus on the properties of graphene conductive inks. Supplies At this time: Proceedings. Accessible at:

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